Miscellaneous Tutorials

Note: All miscellaneous tutorials will be grouped together on one page rather than in separate posts for your reference

How to install Steam games across multiple hard drives

Original article taken from: Steam Forums

Technical background Windows NT (Windows XP, Vista, 2000 and 2003 ARE Windows NT) uses a filesystem called NTFS. It allows creating junctions. A Junction is a folder which is displayed on let’s say C:\Source but it’s content is in fact at D:\Destination. So the space is used on D: which allows you to have more data on C: than actially possible. And that’s exactly what you may want.
Requirements

  1. Windows NT (again, WinXP, WinVista, Windows 7 and so on ARE WinNT)
  2. NTFS-formatted drives (if you still have FAT(32)-formatted partitions, you can use the convert-command to convert your partitions to NTFS, at the cost of readability in Win98/Linux).
  3. Some spare time

Execution (step#5 modified from original article for Windows 7/Vista syntax since very few people are using older operating sytems now)

  1. If you’re not using Windows Vista, you’ll have to get linkd.exe from the Windows Server 2003 Resource Kit Tools. If you’re using Windows Vista, you already have a command called mklink which does the job. I’m going to use linkd-syntax in this tutorial, mklink has almost the same syntax. You only have to add the /j-parameter (junction, remember?) You can access help for both tools with the [tool name] /?-command.
  2. Take a look at your folder structure. Where do you want to move the games from and to? In this example, I’ll use C:\Steam as the Steam installation directory on a full partition and D:\SteamSpare as the swap space.
  3. Open your console. Press Win+R, type cmd and press enter.
  4. Let’s move a third party game first. Move the content of C:\Steam\SteamApps\common\Red Orchestra to D:\SteamSpare\Red Orchestra. You have to move the files and delete the original folder.
  5. Type mklink /j “C:\Steam\SteamApps\common\Red Orchestra” “D:\SteamSpare\Red Orchestra” in the console.
  6. You’re done. Red Orchestra files will take space on D: but will be still avaible to Steam in C:\Steam.
  7. Moving Valve games is more complicated. linkd can only “mirror” folders. Valve games have their data inside GCF-files. So you can only “mirror” the whole SteamApps-folder or use mklink (Vista only, not tested) to move single files. EDIT: Windows XP has a command called fsutil, it can be used to mirror single files.

How to create a bootable USB key

1. Download the HP USB Key Utility
2. Download the Windows 98 system files
3. Install the HP USB Key Utility
4. Launch the HP USB Key Utility and do the following:
- Insert your USB thumb drive.
- Select File system as “FAT32″
- Select Format Option as “Create a DOS bootable Disk…”
- Checkmark the box that says, “Quick Format”
- Locate the directory you extracted the Win98 files.
- Format the USB key using the the Win98 files.

How to install Windows 7 from a USB Key

1. Go here http://wintoflash.com/download/en/ and download the latest version

2. Run the program

3. Follow the step by step wizard.

 

 

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